I must thank the man

     

When it comes to lớn misunderstood words, the award for Most Confusing Pronouns definitely goes towhovs.

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whom.

Although they are the bane of both native và non-native English writers who believe thatwhomis simply an archaic và out-of-fashion size ofwho,both words vày have their grammatically correct place in the English language.

The Quick Answer: When to lớn Use WhoWhom

A quick way khổng lồ decide betweenwhovs.whomis to lớn learn the following rule:

If a question can be answered withhim, the pronounwhomis correct—just remember that both words over with an-m!

To whomare you singing?I"m singing tohim.

If the question can be answered withhe, the pronounwhois correct—here, remember that both these words over witha vowel.

Whowent to the dog park?Hewent lớn the dog park.

"But what if a woman is performing an action?" you ask.

Xem thêm: Khái Niệm Từ Đồng Âm Là Gì? Ví Dụ Từ Đồng Âm Từ Đồng Âm Là Gì

First, way lớn be vigilant about calling out gender inequality.

Second, no need khổng lồ worry! This mnemonic device simply utilizes the male pronounshimandheto help you determine whether lớn usewhovs.whom. Once you know which word to use in the question, you can substitute the appropriate pronoun in the answer.

A Closer Look: The Difference between Who and Whom

1. When to lớn Use Who

To understand the difference betweenwhoandwhom, you must first understand the difference between thesubject & object of a sentence. The subject is the person a sentence is about or the person completing an action. When you refer to thesubjectof a sentence, use the pronounwho. Here are some examples:

Whois going to the cottage with us?Whois the best wizard at Hogwarts?Whobrought the puppy to work?

In these sentences,whois the subject, becausewhois completing the actions (i.e., going to the cottage, being the best wizard, và bringing the puppy). Any person"s name could be filled in here (e.g., Daphne is going to lớn the cottage, or Kevin is the best wizard), and this person is the sentence"s subject, makingwhothe appropriate interrogative pronoun khổng lồ use in this context.

2. When to lớn Use Whom

Meanwhile, the object of a sentence is the person to whom the actions of the verb are being done (or, to put it another way, the person receiving the actions of the verb):

Whomdid she invite?Whomdo you love?Whomare you going to lớn beat in the dance-off?

In this context,whomcan be substituted with the person receiving the action (e.g., she invited Joey to the party, or I love my mom).

Occasionally, the prepositionsfor,to,by,with, andaboutmay need to lớn be used withwhomto ensure the sentence makes sense:

With whomare you going to the pub?For whomare you making these cupcakes?This was paintedby whom?

Parting Advice

Just remember our quick tip, and you"ll never have trouble deciding betweenwhovs.whomagain. Cement your knowledge with our article on pronouns, and if you"re curious lớn learn more grammar tricks, browse the articles in our resources section.

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To help you move forward with confidence, you could also consider asking one of our professional editors or proofreaders to đánh giá your writing. They"ve helped thousands of people ensure that their writing is error free.

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